International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
- The ICCPR is monitored by the Human Rights Committee (HRC)
- The HRC was created in 1976 and meets tri-annually
- The ICCPR is obliged to provide periodic reports every 4 years, but the HRC varies the periodicity in accordance with its follow-up procedure
- HRC is in period of follow-up activity at the moment
- Click here to read a Fact Sheet on the Human Rights Committee
The reporting process
There are several stages to reporting on ICCPR:
- Phase 1:
- Preparation of the state report at the national
- Broad consultation and input from civil society
- NGO submissions and reports
- Pre-sessional preparation by the treaty bodies
for the examination of the report
- Adoption of a List of Issues (LOI) or a List of Issue Prior to Reporting (LOIPR)
- Preparation of the state report at the national level
- Phase 2:
- Consideration of the report in a public meeting through a constructive dialogue with the state party
- Issuing of concluding observations and recommendations
- Phase 3:
- Follow-up on implementation of the concluding
- NGOs also play an important role in this process (pressure states into acting)
- Follow-up on implementation of the concluding observations
Guidance for NGO submissions on the ICCPR
NGOs are important for the implementation of the ICCPR: they complement the information provided by states, highlight human rights issues, and monitor implementation of the concluding observations.
How do I make a submission?
- According to the new Predictable Review Calendar, the UK will be reviewed in 2022. Click here to see the calendar
- Civil society submissions for the List of Issues Prior to Reporting have already been submitted. Click here to see all the existing submissions
- The UK’s state party report is due in April 2021
Structure and Content
- Introduction including a presentation of involved NGOs & methodological information
- Substantive part should include objective information on the implementation of ICCPR articles and/or related issues(it is important to ensure that information is up to date)
Conclusion and suggested recommendations
- Recommendations must be concrete, realistic and where appropriate include time frames for their implementation
- References should be made to the sources of information, documents, legislation, policies and other relevant information
- References to the state report are very important
- Direct references to the state report should include the paragraph number in the state report
- HRC’s concluding observations should also be considered
It might be handy to know that:
- The Committee often prefer coalition reports
- There is no limitation on length but 30-40 pages is advised for a comprehensive report
- The report must be in one (or more) of the HRC’s working languages (English, French, Spanish)
- Usually NGO reports are made public and posted on the OHCHR website. Under exceptional circumstance the information sent may be kept confidential (but you must clearly state this at time of submission).
Useful guides & Links
- Guidelines on the reporting process to the HRC for NGOs.
- Civil and Political Rights: The Human Rights Committee Fact Sheet
- NGO submissions and official documentation submitted to the HRC on the UK.
- State report by the UK to the HRC for the seventh periodic report due in July 2012.
- Concluding observations on the seventh periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland adopted by the HRC at its 114th session (August 2015).
- Simple guide to the UN treaty Bodies.
- A handbook for civil society by the United Nations High Commissioner for human rights.
- 2020 UK List of Issues Prior to Reporting
- Civil society submissions submitted to the HRC in 2020